A little extra care makes any flower arrangement - or fresh bouquet - last longer. Part of the appeal for fresh cut flowers is the fact their beauty is fleeting... it makes them all the more precious to us; and yet ironically we wish for them to last longer!
Fortunately you can have both, and you can add several days to the vase life of fresh cut flowers simply by following the practices of professional florists. For only a small investment of your time you can enjoy the extended life of your beautiful blossoms for up to an additional seven days – depending on the flower type and care they receive.
Here’s How You Make Your Flowers And Floral Arrangements Last Longer
Keep the vase filled (or floral foam soaked) with water containing a flower food provided by your florist. Flower foods make flowers last longer but it is important to follow the mixing directions on the flower food packet.
Fresh cut flowers benefit tremendously from the use of these products, which contain three main ingredients: first, sugar in a form which is useable by the flowers so as to provide nutrition; secondly, an acidifier such as citric acid to lower the pH of the solution (cut flowers take up water best if the pH is around 4.5, well below neutral); third, a biocide to kill any bacteria that may be present. Many of the current generation of fresh flower nutrient solutions also contain an agent which helps keep the water in the vase clear longer.
Most packets are to be mixed with either a pint or a quart of warm water. Mix the solution using lukewarm water - 110° F. is ideal. Fresh flowers absorb water faster if it's warm. Flower foods should not be diluted with more water than is specified on the packet. If the flower food solution becomes cloudy, replace it entirely with properly mixed flower food solution.
If possible, re-cut stems by removing one to two inches with a sharp knife. Be sure to use a sharp knife or clippers that will not crush the stems. Immediately place the stems into solution. Carefully unwrap your fresh cut flowers and remove any foliage from the stems that would fall below the water line in the vase. The leaves can rot underwater and can harbor bacteria which would decrease the life span of the cut blooms. Cut one to two inches off from the bottoms of the stems, at a steep angle. Use a sharp knife rather than scissors, which can crush the vascular system of the stem and impede the uptake of water and nutrients. If practical, cut the stems under clean water.
Re-cutting helps to remove any blockages from the stem, caused by callusing or air embolisms (bubbles.) Once the stems have been freshly cut, immediately place the flowers gently into the vase containing the nutrient solution. Don't drop the stems in - this can bruise the cut ends when they hit the bottom of the vase, again damaging the vascular system. Never pound or crush the stems of cut flowers, even woody branches, for the same reason.
Keep flowers in a cool spot (65 to 72 degrees Fahrenheit), away from direct sunlight, heating or cooling vents, directly under ceiling fans, or on top of televisions or radiators. (Appliances like televisions give off heat, which causes flowers to dehydrate.) Most flowers will last longer under cool conditions.
Here’s How You Make Loose Bunches or Boxed Flowers Last Longer
- Keep your flowers in a cool place until you can get them in a flower food solution. Don't forget how important it is to follow the mixing directions on the flower food packet.
- Fill a clean (washed with a detergent or antibacterial cleaning solution), deep vase with water and add a flower food from your florist.
- Remove leaves that will be below the waterline. Leaves in water will promote bacterial microbial growth that may limit water uptake by the flower.
- Re-cut stems by removing one to two inches with a sharp knife. Place the flowers in the vase solution you've prepared.
If you purchase loose flowers for your own arrangements you should also consider these tips:
- When selecting flowers, look for flowers with upright, firm petals and buds beginning to open. Yellow, spotted or drooping leaves are signs of age.
- When using woody stems and branches (such as quince, forsythia or lilac), cut the stem with sharp pruning shears. Place them in warm water containing fresh flower food to promote flower opening.
Plant Care Tips: Green Thumb Not Required
Green and flowering plants a great enhancement to any home or office décor and they are also beneficial to your health. The results of a study by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) show common houseplants are powerful, natural air cleaners which is all the more reason why you should keep your plants healthy with the proper care.
Most plants come with care instructions specified for the type of plant, however these additional general guidelines will help keep most green houseplants thriving:
- Avoid direct sunlight. Keep plants in medium-light locations.
- Natural light is best, but some plants can also thrive in office fluorescent light. Most flowering potted plants should be placed in areas with the most light in order to maintain good flower color and promote the maximum number of flowers to open. Foliage plants will do well under lower light levels and can be placed in areas providing reduced light.
- Plant soil should be kept moist at all times: Plants should not be allowed to dry out or wilt. Be careful to avoid over watering - do not allow plants to stand in water. Avoid wetting plant leaves.
- Avoid excessive heat or cold: Plants should be kept in a cool spot (between 65 to 72 degrees Fahrenheit) for best performance. They should be kept away from direct sunlight, heating or cooling vents, directly under ceiling fans, or on top of televisions or radiators. (Appliances like televisions give off heat, which causes plants to dehydrate.)
We hope you enjoyed this article on how to make your plants and flowers last longer.
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