Arthritis is a condition that can interfere with your favorite day-to-day activities. However, you can take some measures to manage it by taking care of your joints, improving mobility, and reducing discomfort.
What is Foot Arthritis
The word “arthritis” refers to joint inflammation. Swelling occurs in and around a joint. Inflammation can result from stiffness, pain, and swelling.
Each foot has over 30 joints and 28 bones. The most affected foot joints include:
- Shinbone and ankle joint
- Foot bone and big toe joint
- The joints that involve the outer and inner midfoot and the heel bone
Foot Arthritis Symptoms
Arthritis symptoms are different depending on the affected joint. In most cases, the joint will be inflamed and painful. Some of the common foot arthritis symptoms include:
- Pain with motion
- Tenderness when you apply pressure to the joint
- Redness joint swelling and warmth
- Increased swelling and pain after sitting or resting
- Pain that intensifies with vigorous activity
5 Ways to Prevent Foot Arthritis
1. Use pain meds
Your doctor may recommend nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs like ibuprofen, aspirin among others, to help reduce pain, redness, and swelling related to arthritis. These drugs prevent the production of prostaglandin, which causes inflammation and pain.
Since these medications may increase cardiovascular risks, it is wise to consult your doctor first.
2. Use proper footwear
With foot osteoarthritis, your shoes can make it worse or help you at the same time. Choosing the right fit for you is the main factor in foot-friendly shoes.
Apart from accommodating your arthritic joint that may be stiff and swollen, shoes should also fit the bunions and the hammertoes that result from arthritis. People who have bad foot arthritis may benefit from shoes with thicker soles. Such shoes help reduce pressure under the toe joint.
3. Set a weight loss plan
Your weight matters when it comes to arthritis. Individuals with more weight get arthritis at an earlier age, and it may be severe. Obesity may worsen arthritis since feet support your weight.
However, excess body weight increases inflammation and painful symptoms. Losing weight may not be easy, especially when you have stiff and painful joints. 5-10 percent weight loss may help reduce pain.
It can be challenging for the healthiest people to keep up an exercise program, so it can be difficult for people with joint pain. The benefits of exercise for people with arthritis are clear. Exercises reduce pain, stiffness, and fatigue. However, they may also help reduce weight which is good for your condition.
Be active as much as you can, and keep in mind that each movement counts. You can walk on the treadmill instead of running outside as it helps in shock absorption. You can try activities such as swimming and biking as well.
5. Avoid injuries
As time goes by, your joints may start to wear out. For example, when you injure your joints, you can destroy the cartilage and make it wear out fast. To prevent injuries, use the right safety equipment when involving yourself in activities.
Even though there is no known cure for arthritis, there are numerous treatment options to slow down the illness and relieve foot osteoarthritis symptoms. With the right treatment, people can manage their pain and live fulfilling lives.