2019 is here, and it’s time we discuss the innovations it will bring into the medical realm. Many breakthroughs are expected this year that will improve our health care practices. Here we explain a few of these breakthroughs and how they will change the medical industry.
1. Pharmacogenomic Testing
These tests help understand a patient’s genetic makeup. They aid medical treatments based on individual drug metabolism. It helps to learn how a patient will respond to therapy. The medical world wasn’t very open to this testing until some recent successful tests were unveiled.
Currently, scientists are evaluating the testings’ benefit for a common medical clinic, but a breakthrough this year is hoped for.
We expect AI will have a major role in medicine shortly. AI technology has matched human performance of tasks, but it has yet to match our adeptness of covering a wide domain of information. For now, AI is helping in medical diagnosis, diagnostic scans and identifying pathology. However, it is believed that it will start interpreting the mounds of health data soon.
3. 3D Printing
3D printing is enjoying wide adoption by the medical industry. Breakthroughs this year are expected. This technology has enabled doctors to create products related to patients’ needs like implants, prosthetics, stents and much more.
The printer can customize these creations to best help the patient. 3D Printing helps to mold the product according to the patient’s measurements, thus doing away with postoperative complications. The use of 3D printing is expected to take on a major role in the future with surgery and transplants.
4. Virtual Reality
VR and MR aid in medical education. It’s an immersive approach that helps people understand complex issues easily. Medical students can learn and experience different aspects of their profession by using such tools. surgical stimulation and diagnostic imaging help students experience tough situations before they even start practicing.
5. Robotic Surgery
Robotic surgeries are less invasive and efficient. They cut off recovery time and pain. It has great potential in the future. Currently, this technology is used in a gamut of procedures from spine to endovascular surgeries.
6. Stroke Visor
It’s a part of monitoring tech. These are a noninvasive spectroscopy approach which oversees the distribution of cerebral fluids and pairs the finding with machine learning to improve its algorithms. It helps foresee pending issues like swelling, trauma, stroke, etc. It can also help detect hemorrhagic stroke which is harder to predict as compared to ischemic stroke that makes up 40% of stroke-related fatalities.
7. RNA Therapeutics
These therapeutics stymie RNA abnormalities before they translate into anybody proteins. Some notable examples are nucleotides, and RNA interference. They are also applicable to genetic diseases including cancer and neurologic illness.
This technology has changed the way we treat cancer. It facilitates the immune system to fight off tumors as they start to form. This technology uses immune checkpoint inhibitors which fight off slipped tumors including melanoma and non-small cell lung cancer.